Big Bang Booming – Back To The Future

Big Bang Boom – Back to the Future

Theoretical cosmologists spend a lot of time perfecting the theory now known as the “Big Bang”. This concept stems from ideas that have permeated the minds of scientists, theologians, and astronomers through the ages. However, much of what they consider to be evidence of the “Big Bang” relies on uncontrolled experiments designed to meet their expectations.

Then God said, “Let there be light,” and light appeared. This ancient description of the creation of the universe found in Genesis may turn out to be accurate. The Big Bang theory explains that the beginning of the universe precipitated from a minimal point. In this small volume, all matter and energy concentrated, and its contents exploded in smooth expansion or incredibly violent bursts of energy, forming planets, stars, and galaxies. Originally, this theory competed with what is called the “steady-state” theory, in which the universe expands forever, spontaneously producing new matter and energy within the space left by the retreating galaxies. However, empirical observations have led astronomers and scientists to accept the Big Bang model. But how did our understanding get to this point?

In the early 20th century, American astronomers Vesto Slipher and German Carl Wirtz made several important astronomical discoveries. Using spectral analysis, Slipher deciphered the mixture of gases contained in the planet’s atmosphere and nebula. What makes his findings stand out is that most, if not all, galaxies other than our own exhibit what is called a “redshift.” This shift is simply a change in the wavelength of light emitted by the object under investigation towards longer wavelengths. Wertz likewise cataloged the redshifts of many of the nebulae he chose to study. But it was still too early for them to fully understand the potential implications of their observations. It will wait until Einstein’s general theory of relativity is interpreted through further mathematical analysis by other scientists.

His contemporaries showed Einstein that his new general theory of relativity, published in 1916, was incompatible with the “static” universe of spacetime. This theory predicted an expanding or collapsing universe, but not a fixed universe. Because Einstein personally believed that the universe was an immutable space-time continuum, Einstein engaged in some degree of scientific reasoning. To fix what he perceived to be a “flaw” in his theory, he added a twist to the cosmological constant known as Lambda to make the static universe a reality. Einstein’s view of perfection in the immutable space-time continuum is as much apt as Aristotle’s notion of perfection led the great philosopher to fall asleep into believing in a static Earth at the center of the universe. I led him down a dead end.

However, even with the addition of the cosmological constant lambda, the universe still turned out to be unstable, and this whole incident would later be considered by Einstein as his “biggest failure”. Einstein, with the cosmological acrobatics behind him, gave his stage to others to understand his own theories more clearly. Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann was led to consider the results of general relativity without the constant lambda, which prevented the study of these relationships. In doing so, the Russian mathematician and cosmologist came up with a solution that predicted the ever-expanding structure of the universe (1922). This prediction was at odds with Einstein’s notion of universal perfection. A few years later, Friedman published his findings in On the Possibilities of a World with Constant Negative Curvature of Space. However, the whole construction of hypotheses still lacked full mathematical and theoretical verbalization.

Enter Reverend Georges Lemaître, a Catholic priest from Belgium. Rev. Fr. Lemaître, in his book entitled “The Ancient Atom Hypothesis”, provided the equations necessary to formulate the basis of the Big Bang theory. He hypothesized that the universe began as a primordial atom of infinite volume and enormous mass energy, space and time, and all the other atoms that make up the future universe. It started with Lemaître, who published his theoretical ideas between 1927 and his 1933, speculated that the motion of nebulae demonstrated the validity of his cosmic superatomic explosion. Unfortunately, he also erroneously believed that cosmic rays could be the aftermath of the superatomic Big Bang. It is known to be produced from galactic sources.

However, this new theory still lacked a primary source of observational support. This would be provided by Edwin Hubble’s observations of the galaxy’s redshift. Picking up where Slipher and Wirtz left off, Hubble has employed new techniques to identify the properties of galactic motion. By choosing to observe stars known as Cepheid variables, he was able to make more accurate measurements. A Cepheid is a type of star that brightens and dims and brightens in well-known periodic cycles. Cepheids with the same brightening, darkening, and brightening cycle time have the same or nearly the same luminosity. Therefore, comparing the length of the cycle and the amount of light visible to the observer, we can accurately estimate the distance to the Cepheid.

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This is how Hubble discovered that nebulae or galaxies exhibit the redshift of the galaxy. In other words, that galaxy was moving away from ours at a rate that directly correlated with the distance between our viewpoint and the galaxy being studied. seemed to be moving away from The results of these investigations are now known as Hubble’s Law. Essentially, this law states that the universe is in an ever-expanding mode, and that intergalactic distances continue to grow without limit to infinity. and has been proven time and time again since it was described in 1929. Furthermore, the Hubble constant has been recalculated to a more ‘perfect’ value and holds great potential for future ‘recalculation’ based on new observations.

Thus, it should be clear to the reader that our scientists have a fateful habit of introducing preconceived notions of beauty into their models. Until the failure of, the constants that force a static universe, we proceed only from the wisdom of a weak heart. Human arrogance knows no bounds in our attempts to understand things without the wisdom to understand their underlying meaning. Not humble. We are making the same mistakes all the time. Back to the Future. to be continued…

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